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Chicago Manual of Style -- Notes and Bibliography

Basic structure of a bibliography entry

       The entries in a bibliography are listed alphabetically, beginning with author's name (last name first). For works with multiple authors, only the first author's name is inverted. Elements are separated by periods.  In the following structure and examples, pay attention to every detail, including letter case, italicization, punctuation, space, and the hanging indent. If the source has no author(s), check "Sources with no author/title" on the left column.

For books


Author. Book Title. Location: Publisher's Name         
          publication year.   



Strayed, Cheryl. Wild: From Lost to Found on the Pacific 
          Crest  Trail.
New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2012.

For articles

Author. "Article Title." Journal Title Volume
       number, Issue number (Date): page  number.              

Bagley, Benjamin. "Loving Someone in Particular." 
25, no.2 (January 2015): 477-507.

          These nouns -- "editor", "translator", "volume" and "edition", are abbreviated. But verbs "edited by" and "translated by" are spelled out in a bibliography (in a note, though, they are abbreviated).See examples in "Books".

          If the source does not have author's name, check the left column for more information.


Last Updated: Sep 25, 2020 10:15 AM