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EndNote X8/X9

How to create an MLA Annotated Bibliography

What's the Point of This?

By modifying an established output style (i.e. MLA) you can display additional parts of the record to create an annotated bibliography.  

The easiest way to do this is to create a modified version of the MLA output style which includes the field in which you write the annotation.

The Output Styles contain an APA Annotated style. Go to the menu tab for filters/Output Styles/Term Lists  to learn how to access it.

Before you begin this project, you must decide which EndNote field you will use to store your annotations. For this example I used the Research Notes field.

Overview of Editing an Output Style

First, gain a better understanding of Output Styles by reading Edit an Output Style: Process Overview before continuing to the box below. It will make the process of creating an annotated bibliography easier.

The example below uses MLA; you can adapt any format by following the same rules.


Changing the Layout to Add an Annotation to the MLA Output Style

Make sure that MLA is the current output format [it should be displayed in the output window].

1. Open the Style Manager by selecting Output Styles from the Edit men, and selecting Open Style Manager.
2. Select MLA, then click Edit.
After the Style window opens, select Layout [it is listed under Bibliography]
3. Click in the text box below the "End each reference with" section, and select click on the "Insert Field" button
4. Select End of Paragraph [which will begin the annotation on a new line]
5. Place the cursor under the ¶ symbol
6. Select the "Insert Field" button and select Tab
7. Type in "Research Notes" [or the name of the field that you are using to hold your annotation]
8.  Remember to save the output style under a new name [see steps 7-10]
9. From the File menu, select Save As....
10. Give it a name [such as MLA Annotated]

Last Updated: Nov 25, 2019 12:35 PM