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Primary Sources

Primary Sources

Citing manuals don't distinguish primary from secondary sources. They cite by type of material/format, e.g. a book, periodical (newspaper, magazine, or scholarly journal), correspondence, oral communication (speeches, recordings, etc.), images (photograph, painting, etc.), not whether it is a primary source or archival.

Consult the style manual you are using to determine how to cite a source.

Librarians created research guides to the major style manuals (APA, Chicago/Turabian, & MLA). Click on our citing research guide link below.

Last Updated: Jul 24, 2024 2:57 PM