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Author-Date Reference System

The examples are given with the text citation format (parenthetical citations) followed by the  reference list format.

One author     
      (Pollan 2006, 99-100)    

       Polland, Michael. 2006. The Omnivore's Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals.
              
New York: Penguin.

       (Greenerg 2008, 42)

       Greenber, Joel, ed. 2008. Of Prairie, Woods, and Water: Two Centuries of Chicago Nature Writing.
               
Chicago: University of Chicago Press.


Two authors
   
      (Ward and Burns 2007, 52)

      Ward, Geoffrey C., and Ken Burns. 2007. The War: An Intimate History, 1941-1945. New York: Knopf.
 

Three authors  
    
(Heatherton, Fitzgilroy, and Hsu 2008, 188-89)

     Heatherton, Joyce, James Fitzgilroy, and Jackson Hsu. 2008. Meteors and Mudslides: A Trip through...

 
For a book with four or more authors,
include all the authors in the reference list entry. Word order and punctuation are the same as for two or three authors. In the text, however, cite only the last name of the first-listed author, followd by 'et al'.

      (Barnes et al. 2008, 118-19)

Chapter in a edited book
     
(Gould 1984, 310)

      Gould, Glenn. 1984. "Streisand as Schwarzkopf." In The Glenn Gould Reader, edited by Tim Page, 308-11.
               New York: vintage.


 

Notes and Bibliography System

One author

        1. Doniger, Splitting the Difference, 23.
    
(Shortened Citation in a Note)
        1. Wendy Doniger, Splitting the Difference: Gender and Myth in Ancient Greece and India
(Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999), 23.    (Full Citation in a Note)
 Doniger, Wendy. Splitting the Difference: Gender and Myth in Ancient Greece and India. Chicago: University of Chicago
        Press, 1999.  (Entry in a Bibliography)
Two or three authors  
         1. Jacobs, Thomas, and Lang, Two-Spirit People, 65-71.   (Shortened citation in a note) 

         1. Sue-Ellen Jacobs, Wesley Thomas, and Sabine Lang, eds., Two-Spirit People: Native American

Gender Identity, Sexuality, and Spirituality (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997), 32.

           (Full citation in a note)

 Jacobs, Sue-Ellen, Wesley Thomas, and Sabine Lang, eds. Two-Spirit People: Native American Gender Identity, Sexuality, and
         Spirituality.
Urbana:University of Illinois Press, 1997. 

          
(Entry in a Bibliograpy. Only the first author's name is inverted. )

Four to ten authors

For works by or edited by four to ten authors, all names are usually given in the bibliography. Word order and punctuation are the same as for two or three authors. In a note, only the name of the first author is included, followed by 'et al' with no intervening comma.

          4. Sechzer et al., Women and Mental Health, 276.   (Shortened Citation in a Note)

          4. Jeri A. Sechzer et al., eds.,Women and Mental Health (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996). 243. (Full Citation in a Note)

Chapter in an edited book    

         1. Gould, "Streisand as Schwarzkopt," 309. (Shortened Citation in a Note)

         1. Glenn Gould, "Streisand as Schwarzkopt," in The Glenn Gould Reader, ed. Tim Page

(New York: Vintage, 1984), 310.             (Full Citation in a Note)

Gould, Glenn. "Streisand as Schwarzkopt." In The Glenn Gould Readder, edited by Tim page, 308-11.
             New York: Vintage, 1984.
       (Entry in a Bibliography)

Electronic books

Entry in a Bibliography
Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2007. Kindle edition.

Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2008. PDF e-book.

Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics, 2008. Microsoft Reader e-book.

  Full Citation in a Note
       Jane Austen,  Pride and Prejudice ( New York: Penguin Classics, 2008),
 Microsoft Reader e-book, chap. 23.

  Shortened Citation in a Note
         Austen, Pride and Prejudice, chap. 24.

 

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