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ASA Style Guide

Encyclopedias & Dictionaries

Cite major encyclopedias and dictionaries with an in text note rather than a reference unless citing an article.  Treat as if it is book chapter:


Fagan, J.  2015. "Gangs And Drugs." Pp 565-74 in  Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior, edited by R. Carson-DeWitt. New York: Macmillan Reference USA.  Retrieved from


C. Ridgeway. 2000. "Complex Organizations." Pp 392-400 in Encyclopedia of Sociology, Vol. 1, edited by E.F. Bargatta and R.V. Montgomery. New York: Macmillan Reference USA.