MLA Handbook, Eighth edition2 NORTH ReferenceLB2369 .G53 2016
MLA has changed. The focus of this revised style is on the reader or audience. Citations no longer interrupt the flow of the text and are so much easier to decipher when you want to follow up on an idea.
Ask your professor which edition is recommended or required for your Works Cited page. Not all will be aware that the rules have changed.
Core Elements in the 8th ed.
MLA identifies the core elements for a citation. Not all may apply. Note the punctuation with each element.
Title. (for book or stand-alone) or "Title" (for part of a whole series, collection)
Title of the Source or Container,
Other contributors (illustrated by, translated by, edited by, etc.),
Version (edition, revised, abridged, etc.),
Number (volume and/or issue),
Location (pages or site of performance, not publishers location).
In-text citations are inserted in the body of the paper and refer readers to the complete citation in the Works Cited list.
Works Cited, 8th edition
JOURNAL ARTICLES (periodical articles published in journals, magazines, newspapers, etc.)
Format: Author's last name, first name or initials as published. "Title of Article." Periodical Title, volume number, issue number, date of publication, page numbers. Include a doi or permanent link if available.
Corresponding pages or sections in MLA Handbook, Eighth Edition are noted in square brackets [ ].
Note: Use the author name as given in the source, either full name or initials; list authors in same order as published.
One Author 
Witschi, Nicolas. "John of the Mines: Muir's Picturesque Rewrite of the Gold Rush." Western
American Literature, vol. 34, no. 3, Aug. 1999, pp. 316-343.
Two Authors 
Klimoski, Richard, and Susan Palmer. "The ADA and the Hiring Process in Organizations."
Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, vol. 45, no. 2, Feb. 1993, pp. 10-36. doi: 10.1037/1061-4087.45.2.10.
Three or More Authors 
Wolchik, Sharlene A., et al. "An Experimental Evaluation of Theory-Based Mother and
Mother-Child Programs for Children of Divorce." Journal of Consulting and Clinical
Psychology, vol. 68, no. 5, Oct. 2000, pp. 843-856.
Magazine Article (weekly or every 2 week) [1.5]
Acocella, Joan. "Dance Man." New Yorker, vol. 79, no. 38, 8 Dec. 2003: pp. 102-3.
Book Review 
Schatz, Bruce R. "Learning by Text or Context?" Review of The Social Life of Information,
by John Seely Brown and Paul Duguid. Science, vol. 290, no. 5495, 17 Nov. 2000, p. 1304.
Daily Newspaper Article (For non-consecutive pages, use the first page with a +.) [2.5.1]
Kisselgoff, Anna. "Still the Radical in Classical Garb." New York Times, 2 Jan. 2004, east coast
late ed., p. E1+.
Entire Issue [1.5]
O'Hara, Daniel T., ed. "Global Freud: Psychoanalytical Cultures and Classic Modernism."
Special issue of Journal of Modern Literature , vol. 25, no. 3-4, Summer 2002, pp. 1-152.
Interview (each issue is numbered and called "issue.") 
Hastings, Michael. “Julian Assange: The Rolling Stone Interview.” Rolling Stone, issue 1149, 2 Feb. 2012, pp. 50-71.
Books and Other Sources
One Author 
Mazzotta, Giuseppe. Dante, Poet of the Desert: History and Allegory in the Divine Comedy. Princeton UP, 1979.
Leiter, Samuel L., editor. Encyclopedia of Asian Theatre. Greenwood, 2006.
Two Authors 
Santelli, Robert, and Emily Davidson. Hard Travelin': The Life and Legacy of Woody Guthrie. Wesleyan UP, 1999.
Three or More Authors or Editors 
Quirk, Randolph, et al. A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. Longman, 1985.
Two or More Books by the Same Author [2.7.2]
McCausland, Elizabeth. Charles W. Hawthorne, an American Figure Painter. American Artists Group, 1947.
---. George Inness, an American Landscape Painter, 1825-1894. American Artists Group, 1946.
Chapter in an Anthology 
Harris, Kenton. "No Dance is a Fake." Ethics and the Arts: An Anthology, edited by David E. W. Fenner, Garland, 1995, pp.115-139.
Anonymous Author 
New York Public Library Performing Arts Desk Reference. Macmillan,1994.
Book Review 
Woodhouse, Mark. Review of Monk Dancers of Tibet, by Mattheiu Ricard. Library Journal, vol.128, no. 19, Nov. 2003, p. 72.
Book in a Series 
Gutiérrez, Ramón A., and Richard J. Orsi, editors. Contested Eden: California Before the Gold Rush. U of California P, 1998. California History Sesquicentennial Series 1.
Government Report [2.1.3]
United States, Congress, Senate. Senate Art in Stamps. GPO, 2000.
Unpublished Thesis or Dissertation
Palmer, Ben. A Discursive Essay on Edwin Muir and Robert Graves. MA thesis Sacramento State College, 1970. CSUS Theses Collection, Microfiche 009985 Palmer.
Published Thesis or Dissertation
Spivey, Nancy Nelson. DiscourseSynthesis: Constructing Texts in Reading and Writing. Dissertation, U of Texas at Austin, 1983. International Reading Association, 1984.