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Chicago Manual of Style

Author-Date References system

Citations of journals include the volume (follows the italicized journal title) and issue number (often appears in parentheses) and date of publication. Always include the page range in the bibliography or reference list, if it is available. A specific page reference is included in the text. If a journal is paginated consecutively across a volume or if the month or seaaon is included in the reference list entry, the issue number (or month or season) may be omitted. 

 Text citations

(Blair 1977, 331-32)
(Schuman and Scott 1987)
(Ikenberry, Lakonshok, and Vermaelen 1995)
(Schonen et al. 2009) (works with more than three authors)

Reference list

Blair, Walter. 1977. "Americanized Comic Braggarts." Critical Inquiry 4 (2): 331-49

Schuman, Howard, and Jacqueline Scott. 1987. "Problems in the Use of
         Survey Questions to Measure Public Opionion." Science 236: 957-59.

Ikenberry, David L., Josef Lakonishok, and Theo Vermaelen. 1995.
         "Market underreaction to open market share repurchases."
         Journal of Financial Economics 39, 181-208.

.Morasse, Sebastien, Helga Guderley, and Julian J. Dodson. 2008. "Paternal
         reproductive Strategy Influences Metabolic Capacities and Muscle
         Development of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L. ) Embryos."
         Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 81 (4): 402-13.             

Magazines in reference lists

Kauffman, Stanley. 1989. Review of A Dry White Searson (film), directed
        by Euzhan Palcy. New Republic, October 9, 24-25.


Notes and Bibliography system

Citations of periodicals require some or all of the following data:
1. Full name(s) of author or authors
2. Title and subtitle of article or column
3. Title of periodical (italicized)
4. Issue information (volume, issue number, dtate, etc.)
5. Page reference (where appropriate)
6. For online periodicals, a URL or, if available, a DOI.

Journal articles

Journals with volume number and month

         2. C. Daniel Batson, "How Social Is the Animal? The Human Capacity for
American Psychologist 45 (March 1990): 336. (Full Citation in a Note)

         2. Batson, "How Social Is he Animal?," 337.  (Shortened Citation in a Note)

Abrams, Marshall. "How DO Natural Selection and Random Drift Interact?"
          Philosophy of Science 74 (December 2007): 666-79.

Journals with volume number and season

        1. Boyan Jovanovic and Peter L. Rousseau, "Specifc Capital and Technological
Variety,"  Journal of Human Capital 2 (Summer 2008): 135, doi: 10.1086/590066.
(Full Citation in a Note)

Jovanovic, Boyan, and Peter L. Rousseau, "Specific Capital and Technological Variety."
        Journal of Human Capital 2 (Summer 2008):129-52. doi:10.1086/590066.  

Journals with volume number and issue number

        34. Olson, "Codes, Costs, and Critiques." 22-23.  (Shortened Citation in a Note)

      1. Hope A. Olson, "Codes, Costs, and Critiques: The organiztion of
Information in Library Quarterly, 1931-2004," Library Quarterly 76, no. 1
(2006): 20, doi: 10.1086/504343. 
(Full Citation in a Note)

Olson, Hope A. "Codes, Costs, and Critiques: The Organization of
       Information in Library QUarterly, 1931-2004." Library Quarterly
      76, no. 1 (2006): 19-35.  doi: 10.1086/504343.

Journals with no volume number or date only 

Beattie, J.M. "The Pattern of Crime in England, 1660-1800."
       Past and Present, no. 62 (1974): 47-95. (Bibliography-- 
         Note that a comma follows the journal title.)

Saberhagen, Kelvin. “Lake Superior Beluga?” Sturgeon Review,
        Winter 1928, 21-45.


       1. Beth Saunier, "From Vine to Wine," Cornell Alumni Magazine, September/October 2008, 48. 
      (Full Citation in a Note)