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Ecology Format

In-text citations

An in-text citation contains the information so that if someone reading your paper wants to follow-up and read the original source of your information, they can do so by reading the refenced article. An in-text citation can be created in many ways depending upon your writing style.

Here are a some general guidelines:

  • If there is one author, include the author's last name and date of publication
  • If there are two authors, include both authors' last names and date of publication
  • If there are three or more authors, include the last name of the first author followed by et al. and date of publication

Example 1:
In addition, floods are fundamental in driving the disturbance regime (Bendix 2000).

Example 2:
Our results show that the favorable conditions hypothesis (Levine and D'Antonio 1999) and resource heterogeneity hypothesis (Davies et al. 2005) may not be mutually exclusive.

Example 3:
Root porosity for Carex nigra was similar to those obtained by Visser et al. (2000) in hydroponic cultures.