This is the "Open Educational Resources" page of the "Affordable Learning Solutions/Open Educational Resources" guide.
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This guide promotes and helps discover open, affordable, low or no-cost textbooks, course material, and educational resources.
Last Updated: Jun 26, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Open Educational Resources Print Page

California Open Educational Resource Council

OER Council

An online library with open educational resources and textbooks to increase faculty adoption of high quality, affordable or free materials to save students money.




The three State of California Higher Education Systems are working together to provide you easy access to quality FREE and OPEN eTextbooks that everyone and anyone can use for teaching and learning.


Open Education Consortium

Open Education consortium

The Open Education Consortium is a global network of educational institutions, individuals and organizations that support an approach to education based on openness, including collaboration, innovation and collective development and use of open educational materials.


Association of Research Libraries SPEC Kit 351


The 5 R's of OER

Defining the "Open" in Open Content
and Open Educational Resources

The terms "open content" and "open educational resources" describe any copyrightable work (traditionally excluding software, which is described by other terms like "open source") that is licensed in a manner that provides users with free and perpetual permission to engage in the 5R activities:

  1. Retain - the right to make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage)
  2. Reuse - the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)
  3. Revise - the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)
  4. Remix - the right to combine the original or revised content with other material to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)
  5. Redistribute - the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)

This material was created by David Wiley and published freely under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license at



MERLOT's Open Textbook Initiative (CSU) Open textbooks are typically authored by faculty and published on the web with the support of universities, non-profit organizations, or new commercial companies."


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Open Stax Textbooks

Open Stax: High Quality, Free Textbooks

What is OpenStax College? 

OpenStax College is a nonprofit organization committed to improving student access to quality learning materials. Their free textbooks are developed and peer-reviewed by educators to ensure they are readable, accurate, and meet the scope and sequence requirements of your course. Through partnerships with companies and foundations committed to reducing costs for students, OpenStax College is working to improve access to higher education for all. OpenStax College is an initiative of Rice University and is made possible through the generous support of several philanthropic foundations.  

See what the media has to say about OpenStax College and the wider open education movement.

The textbooks are available for free online in various e-text formats, from their website: OR a faculty member can request a complimentary print copy. 

Why should you check out OpenStax textbooks?

  • Textbook costs continue to rise with more and more students unable to afford required textbooks for their classes. Campuses across the CSU are developing more cost effective solutions for faculty and students. Check out the CSU Affordable Learning $olutions initiative to learn more. 
  • These textbooks are available in various e-text formats, including interactive iBook, PDF, web view, EPUB and Bookshare.
  • Faculty can re-tool the open textbooks to meet their course design and needs. Faculty are allowed to use or adapt these materials to their liking thanks to a Creative Commons Attribution license.
  • They're FREE

What are Open Educational Resources?

Open Educational Resources logo

Open educational resources (OERs) are freely accessible, openly formatted and openly licensed documents and media that are useful for teaching, learning, education, assessment and research purposes.


OER Commons

OER Commons

OER Commons is a dynamic digital library of open education resources and a network of educators dedicated to curriculum improvement.


OER on the Internet Archive

Internet Archive

This library contains hundreds of free courses, video lectures, and supplemental materials from universities in the United States and China. Many of these lectures are available for download.


OERs by Discipline (Humboldt State guide)

California State University, Sacramento | University Library | 2000 State University Drive East | Sacramento, CA 95819 | Phone: 916-278-5679


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